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The Uzbek atlas is recognized as an intangible cultural heritage
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: Today

UNESCO inscribed an ancient technology for manufacture of Uzbek silk fabrics – atlas and adras into the Register of Good Safeguarding Practices.  The Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage meeting decided to include Margilan Crafts Development Centre, safeguarding of the atlas and adras making traditional technologies to the list.  Khan-atlas is the pearl of Uzbekistan. In this beautiful fabric displayed the character and traditions of the Uzbek people.  Khan's silk has a unique bright color palette, a smooth structure, symbolizing kindness, optimism and irrepressible energy.  Margilan was the centre for making atlas and adras.  The city of silk became famous all over the world with flowing iridescent patterns and embroiled silk fabrics.  On the Great Silk Road in the Middle Ages merchants drove Margilan si...

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Open Central Asia
Published: 18 january 2017

Central Asia is unique and diverse region situated in the heart of the largest continent. Open Central Asia is a good slogan and it has several meanings.  Open heart First of all people who have lived in Central Asia for many centuries are really open and hospitable. They are always glad to see new guests. This is the most probable thing that you’ll hear from anyone who has been to any of central Asian countries at least once.  Open visa Central Asia today is more open that it was 25 years ago.  Appropriate political and visa regulations were introduced by the different countries of the region to welcome guests.  The only exclusion is Turkmenistan but it isn’t difficult to collect visa with our company’s LOI. Of course the region is far from the ideal yet but everything is improving. Open unique region  It’s very good offer and eve...

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Central Asian Bullock-cart
Published: 18 january 2017

Bullock-cart or Arba was the main of transport in Central Asia and, in particular, in Uzbekistan for a long time. Selected types of carts pictured as petroglyphs confirm their invention in great antiquity. Arba - the first and the easiest form of transport and its development is linked to the development of cattle breeding, farming and crafts. Bullock-carts was used for transportation of goods, people, and even for combat purposes. Central Asian carts features There are more than 140 rock paintings of chariots and carts on the territory of Central Asia. All of them were studied in detail. Found images show that mostly horses were harnessed those days. Much less used camels and bulls. Later locals began to harness donkeys for bullock-cart. In Central Asia, in contrast to other countries, it has been distributed exclusively two-wheeled carts. The main feature of the cart of the northern p...

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Museum of Winemaking at Khovrenko Winery
Published: 17 may 2016

Wine is one of the oldest and popular drinks all over the world. Many called it “a gift of God” because it gives vitality to men and women. Uzbekistan isn’t an exception and locals honor the drink. Arrival of Alexander the Great spurred the development of winemaking in the region. At the same time, it was observed that the grape grown in the territory of Samarkand differ by particularly sweet taste. Winemaking  However, in the VII-VIII centuries, the vineyards were completely cut down, and winemaking was discontinued. Production was revived again in the late XIX century, when the Russian businessman Dmitriy Filatov arrived in Samarkand. He didn’t only produce wine, but also introduce new varieties of grapes. In a short time he was able to assemble a unique collection that had great popularity abroad. Some years later M. Khovrenko continued the work of D. Fi...

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Tashkent in paintings of XIX century
Published: 11 april 2016

We can observe Tashkent in many paintings of artists XIX - XX century. Works of Richard-Karl Karlovich Zommer (1866-1939) deserves special attention. The artist doesn’t hide his admiration and delight and depicts sunny Tashkent, beautiful landscape and shows daily life of local people. Zommer’s art Zommer is the author of a large number of paintings and graphic works that have predominantly genre-ethnographic character. He shows scenes of everyday life of ordinary people, old quarters of Samarkand, Bukhara and Tashkent. The pictures accurately convey the mood and the special atmosphere of the time. Since 1894 his works are exhibited at the St. Petersburg exhibition, as well as at Russian and Tashkent annual exhibitions. Other artists Old Tashkent was clearly expressed in the works of Werbowy, I. Golovin, V. Krylova, V. Rozwadowski, N. Grechaninovv, Kazakov, S. Yudin, N. ...

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Zoomorphic images of Central Asian ceramics
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: 16 february 2016

Central Asian ceramics is very popular all over the world. It’s beautifully decorated and also transmits traditions and customs of local people. Central Asian ceramics is of high-level quality – it doesn’t change glitter even after many years. Masters use different images in decoration: simple geometric pattern, a complex plant or interesting zoomorphic and anthropomorphic images. The zoomorphic images Central Asia masters actively use a variety of zoomorphic images. They are fantastic birds with magnificent plumage appearance, small ears and a stripe running from the beak to the back. No less popular motif was the fish (in its external appearance resembling sturgeon), as well as  leopard curved and forked at the end of the tail. Siren is also frequently used image – it’s a bird with a woman's head, which hoisted a strange headdress. It’s pictu...

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Bukhara in famous watercolours
Published: 29 january 2016

Bukhara is a unique city where craft has always been art. There were and are many remarkable artists here and each is working in its own style. Some prefer drawing large canvases, others try to imitate old masters’ work or capture perishing antiquity. Artist Ulugbek Mukhamedov One of the most interesting Bukhara artist is Ulugbek Mukhamedov. He discovered his own path and transfers his own vision of Bukhara, its local people and nature. He creates small watercolours, but they are very deep and make us to ask questions and seek answers on them. Mukhamedov participated in many exhibitions in Uzbekistan and abroad also. Artists of France, USA, Russia and Switzerland know him and his art is highly valued abroad. Ulugbek try to comprehend the very essence and his polysemantic experience helps him to make it. That is why his works is so depth and philosophy. “One image inside the...

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Traditional shoes of XX century in Uzbekistan
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: 11 december 2015

Uzbek shoes of XX century were produced by special masters - usto. They used different types of leather, getting it from sheepskin, goat skin and cowhide. The leather for shoes usually was covered with the desired color, decorated with paintings and traditional patterns. Footwear of men The most popular footwear for men was kavush (shoes with high heels and twisted nose). In winter time men put on boots (chorik) with thick but very soft leather. It’s interesting that the popular color of boots was yellow or brown. Lighter boots were made from goat skins. They were fully embroidered with silk threads and had a high heel. But such kind of boots was available only for wealthy young man. Ordinary citizens put on mostly ichigi - boots without a heel with soft soles. Locals call them makhsi and used only with kavush. According to traditions men were taken kavush before entering the house...

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Minaret, a symbol of East
Published: 04 november 2015

Minaret is one of the most interesting and mysterious forms of Oriental architecture. It’s a mandatory element of urban architecture and often is a symbol of the city. The word ‘minaret’ or Arabic ‘minara’ means ‘place where something is lit’, or ‘emanating light’. We are talking about spiritual light that symbolizes human soul. Minarets constructions  Most researchers consider Syria to be the place where minaret first appeared in Islamic architecture. The first minaret was with quadrangular plan and after some time it took more rounded shape. On the territory of Central Asia construction of minarets began after Islam spreading.  But before this time we can also see special towers of different types on the territory of Central Asia. They mostly were the part of the fortress wall. There were also Burji towers in each city wit...

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Gijduvan pottery
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: 21 october 2015

Uzbek ceramics is very rich and diverse. It varies greatly depending on the region where it’s producing. Each region has its own school and traditions. The most interesting ceramics is produced in Gijduvan, a district center near Bukhara. It was the ceramics center for many years. Masters from other cities usually come here to study and to know secrets. Gijduvan ceramics For making ceramics Gijduvan masters use exclusively white clay, which is imported from Gozlika (a place near Bukhara). They also add to clay a reed fluff to protect the product from cracking. During firing the fluff completely burn out, forming a cavity. These cavities are required to prevent products cracking at high heat. Gijduvan pottery is recognizable by its greenish-brown color, as well as by figurative painting and abr stains that resembling patterns Uzbek fabrics. Unique patterns There are more than 300 st...

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Eastern turban
Published: 02 october 2015

The most famous head-dress in oriental Muslim countries was turban worn by people of all ages and groups of society. At fist turban used as a protection against the searing sun and wind. But later it became a symbol of Islam and even a sign of the government, so it is put on the head during the coronation. Turban is the main head-dress With the adoption of Islam turban has become a mandatory turban headdress. It was forbidden to visit mosque and tombs without turban. To show reverence and respect at the meeting with Sheikh a man has to remove the turban from his head. In childhood boys wore special children's hats, but later it was changed to turban. Turban could tell almost everything about its owner. Even passers can know about social status of a person, his income and other information by the manner of wearing the turban, its size and color. Thus, the court, emirs, sultans and khans...

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Musical instruments of Temurids
Published: 25 september 2015

During the reign of Amir Temur and Temurids instrumental music was actively developed. Musical instruments were usually used for aesthetic purposes. That’s why viewing platforms were constructed in front of palace’s goals. It was the place where gathered numerous viewers. Musical instruments were used during the military campaigns, appointment of military ranks, religious and hunting activities. Amir Temur was very strict for musicians, checking their professionalism and personally appointing musicians and heads of music groups. At that moment experienced and famous musicians were coming from different countries to Samarkand. Most of them were invited for the exchange of experience. In such condition musical art had been developed at high level. Folk festivals and holidays had been celebrated widely and attracted many locals. Musical instruments The most famous and freque...

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Legend of khan-atlas
Published: 25 september 2015

Khan-atlas is traditional uzbek fabric, made from dense silk. The fabric has interesting complex netting. And it’s coloring made by natural dyes. There’re a lot of legends about khan-atlas and there’s one of them: Many centuries ago one of Marghilan rulers fell in love with beautiful daughter of a poor artist and wanted to marry her at any cost. Having heard this news, the father of the young beauty was saddened. So he came to the palace and asked the ruler not to marry his daughter. Khan didn’t agree and laid down one condition.  If the artist could create something beautiful and unusual till the next morning, the Khan would forget about his daughter. “It’s impossible” – thought the artists and came out of palace. Saddened, hesat near arik (small channel). At once he saw reflection of cloudsin the water and this reflection was colore...

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Legend about Uzbek palov
Published: 25 september 2015

Uzbek palov is the meal of real connoisseurs of the Eastern cuisine. None of the events in Uzbekistan is held without cooking palov. The Uzbek national cuisine has more than 100 recipes of Uzbek palov, and the technology of its preparation has been perfect for many years. Each region of Uzbekistan is characterized by its method of cooking Uzbek palov.In Uzbekistan there is the ancient legend about origin the word “palov osh”, it is connected to Abu Ali ibn Sino. Long ago the prince fell in love with a beautiful young girl from the poor family. He suffered that could not get married to her. The prince began to wane, he refused to eat meal and water. Then his father invited the famous healer Abu Ali ibn Sino and asked him to find out the reason and recover his heir. Having examined the prince, ibn Sino knew that the reason of the sickness was love. He said that there were two w...

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Surkhandarya people clothing
Published: 28 august 2015

The national costume can tell us about age-long traditions, customs and aesthetic priorities typical of each regional culture. Uzbekistan clothing is special but of different regions of Uzbekistan it differed. Clothing of Surkhandarya people, and first of all of the Kungrats, is especially interesting. Women clothing Women clothing is very complex and had been forming for centuries under the influence of local conditions, climate and occupations. It includes under-dress and dress, pants (lozim), overclothes, headwear and footwear. But everything depends on the age of the women, that’s why the standard costume can be changed and decorated more freely and interesting.   At the second half of the XIX c. married women wore the straight wide dress with long sleeves. Under the influence of the Russian fashion the dresses with upstanding collar became popular. With the passage of ...

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Dairy products of Uzbekistan
Published: 18 august 2015

Milk in Uzbekistan is the starting ingredient for producing many different products. It’s kaymak, katyk, suzma, kurt and interesting drinks as ayran, chalop, goudja and even soups. The methods of processing of milk go back to remote ages and each Uzbek dish holds a great historical logic and wisdom.  Otherwise how we can explain that milk wasn’t spoiled at the temperature of 40-50C. Kaymak Kaymak is the whipped fatty part of milk that can easily substitute butter. Milk in Uzbekistan is very fat (5.2% fatness) and that’s why it takes only to boil milk and skim fat to get kaymak. The product is often spread on bread or added to different dishes and delicate sauces and dressings. Katyk Katyk is sour milk, the nearest relative of clabber. It’s produced from skimmed milk where we add the starter. After 6-8 hours the most delicious drink appears. There’re ...

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Saint place of Burchi-mulla
Published: 14 july 2015

Whenever going to Burchi-mulla it is reasonable to visit one saint place. It is situated almost at the start of this village. Having stopped in the road you have to go down. What is the most interesting about this place? First of all it is its location. Not many people know about it. Second the popularity of this place. Coming once you can notice there are not many people there as it can be seen in such kind of places. Legends The legend says that Prophet once was going across these mountains. There was the namaz time but he couldn’t make washing before pray. So he asked God to help him. God said him to put his hand on the ground, so he did and from each finger one small source started to come. So in this place you can see 5 sources – one is big like our thumb and others smaller like other fingers. The coming water is helpful in many cases like local people say. You can be...

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Blacksmithing of Bukhara
Published: 05 july 2015

Bukhara was a center of development of handicraft production for many centuries. Nowadays the work of revival the crafts is being actively carried out. It’s blacksmithing, dyeing, silk weaving, wood carving and others.  Rites of initiation into masters Young people learn from the masters all the tricks and intricacies and then become masters. There’s particular rites of initiation into masters that is very interested for tourists. This rite takes place in a solemn and festive atmosphere.  Parents present robe and belt for master, because he has prepared young artists to work independently and adjusted to a positive result.  Initiation rites are also carried out in silk weaving, but in this case the master puts on the disciple robe and ties it with a gauze bandage (about 5-6 meters). In addition, as a sign of blessing, the student receives the tools and materi...

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Creative textile of Uzbekistan
Published: 19 june 2015

Nothing can characterize art culture of Uzbekistan except bright, open and luscious colors. Through colorful designs of carpets, embroideries and textiles masters tells life optimism of Uzbek people, nature beauty and special energy charge. Bright embroidered geometric patterns, colors and special signs are perfectly combined with green gardens and heavenly blue. A traveler von Schwartz also noticed it during his travelling in XIX century. He wrote: “As for the spectacular selection of colours and expensive fabrics, people of Central Asia surpass all European painters who are accustomed to the lead-colour sky”. The main motives Favorite color combinations are using from ancient times and became classical. Masters used a simple principle when pure tones are selected by contrast and also selected shades of the same color. It’s used no more than 15 basic colors and it al...

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Yallachi art
Published: 28 may 2015

Yallachi are actresses, acted in female cultural events and rituals. They danced, sang songs and put small comic performances. Yallachi were very popular in Kokand khanate and also in Ferghana Valley. Actresses mostly acted at the wedding ceremonies and other calendar holidays, but they also acted on the sad events. In that case the repertoire changed. Sad songs began in the room and then continued in the courtyard, when girls and women gathered around a campfire. Repertoire of yallachi In every event sounded the same songs as Yor-Yor, Lapar and Yala. But actresses often improvised, made new songs verses and sometimes represented their own works. Dancing occupied a special place – everybody liked to dance or to watch dances. That’s why no one event passed without dancing. The dance movements are often used in the cycle "Kata kyin" and "Honabazm." It’s whirling (Charkh...

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