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Archive of Blog: February 2015

Uzbek straw art
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: 24 february 2015

Straw is a popular nature material, which is widely used for furniture decoration and paintings. The craft goes from ancient time, when people had a cult of white straw crops.  People believed that the grain has divine power and tried to use it for home decoration. The art was widely developed in Poland. Czechoslovakia, Lithuania, Belarussia and Russia. The straw was used for decoration of expensive furniture, creation of ornaments and decorated panels. Uzbek straw art More than ten years ago new methods and technology of straw art were developed in Uzbekistan by A. Solihov and A. Yuldashev. They presented unique work made from straw.  The brand name of “Uzbek straw art” appeared in 2004 and now is actively developed and improved. The artists first used multilayer composition, when each element has its own level and can be located on each other. So composition lo...

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Tashkent at the end of XIX century
Published: 24 february 2015

What was Tashkent at the end of XIX century? We can know about it only from the books of travelers, had visited Tashkent at that time.   Gabriel Bonvalot, famous French traveler, had been in the city in autumn 1880. He called Tashkent as the city of Stone, mentioned that its size was the same as Paris’s. The city was divided into 4 district – dacha. Each district was also divided into many blocks, called mahallya. The name of mahallya showed the profession of local people. So, casters were living in mahallya Dargez, smiths – in Takachi and so on. There were one-storied adobe houses with flat roof in the old city. They had one feature: theirs doors and windows faced only courtyard. Traditional clothing Bonvalot noticed that local people wore traditional clothing: cotton shirt, wide and short pants and long-sleeved gown. For shoes they used soft-leather boots. Rich...

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Traditional Uzbek houses
Published: 16 february 2015

The construction of Uzbek houses formed on the weather and relief of the region. That’s why each city of Uzbekistan has its own traditions and even school of architecture. Because of frequent rain, snow and also earthquake people build houses with double wooden frame in the mountains. But in the cities there were houses with single frame.  In the end of XIX century houses were built without foundation. Saman (chopped straw) was the only foundation of the houses. The main material for walls was clay, mixed with straw and other ingredients.  The plan of the houses  The yards in rich houses were double: internal and external. Women and children lived in courtyard; the external yard was used for guests. There were the most luxurious rooms. The plan of the house depended on family members, but the main rooms were kitchen, living room, hallway, some roo...

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Museum of carpet weaving history
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: 13 february 2015

Staying in Bukhara city during the tour around Uzbekistan, don’t miss the chance to visit Museum of carpet weaving history. The exposition was opened in the building of ancient mosque Magoki Attory in 1991. Here you can see all kinds of traditional carpet, palas and felt weaving. In XIX-XXth centuries carpet of the Uzbek tribes “mitan”, “yuz”, “kurama”, “nayman” were of big popularity in Central Asia. Sources of carpet weaving origin in Central Asia refer approximately to III-II nd centuries BC. Traditions of carpet weaving in Bukhara oasis passed from father to son and during centuries they were improved. The museum exposition The museum collection consists of 104 samples of the carpet products used in the life of people in Uzbekistan - Uzbeks, Tadjiks, Jews, Turkmen, Kazakhs, Kirgiz, the Central Asian arabs and Uigurs. The co...

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Navruz Holiday
Published: 11 february 2015

Navruz is the most cheerful holiday in Central Asia. The history of the holiday goes back to ancient time, when people worshipped the Sun and the Fire. It was celebrated by solar calendar, based on the earth position compared to the Sun.  So the holiday celebrated on the 21 of March, the equinox day - when day and night are of equal length. For more than 3 centuries people of Central and East Asia celebrate Navruz as the holiday of Coming Spring. Navruz is the symbol of a new day and new year, it’s time for new plans, good mood and hopes. And nothing could change tradition: neither new religions, nor new rulers – Navruz remains popular holiday.  Why? The New Year always brings to people hopes and belief in better life and future. It’s considered that “if a man eats an apple and sniffs narcissus in the morning of Navruz holiday, the New year will be happ...

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The history of Uzbek Marionettes Theater
Published: 05 february 2015

We are no other than a moving row  Of Magic Shadow-shapes that come and go  Round with the Sun-illumined Lantern held  In Midnight by the Master of the Show Omar Khayyam Puppetry was very famous performance from high antiquity. It’s considered that the first puppet appeared in Central Asia in IV b.c. owing to Alexander the Great. For many centuries the art was forgotten. Local artists began to show such kind of performances in V-VII c. and later in XI-XII c. But puppetry became the most popular performance only during Temurid’s reign. Local people liked bright and interesting performances with a great depth of meaning. Chodirhayol On the territory of modern Uzbekistan theater of Marionettes called “Chodirhayol”. It’s translated as the theater of fantasy or ghosts. The performance ran only in the evening time. There was enclosed sp...

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About yurta
Published: 05 february 2015

The main type of accommodation for nomadic Uzbek people was yurta up to XIX century. After changing to settled life (end of XIX c.) they began to build wattle and daub houses. For this time yurta used only by stock keepers for summer period. At that time each young man going to marry had to have his own yurta. According to customs of kipchaks and karluks the man without yurta couldn’t marry. Yurta for newlywed was built from white felt. But if the groom didn’t have enough money, they would use common white cloth.  Construction features Uzbek yurta doesn’t have great differences from Turkmen, Kirgiz, Kazakh and Karakalpak yurts. The main difference is in decoration and other unimportant details. So we can say that the culture and everyday life of these peoples was closely connected. Prefabricated grating was the main structure of yurta. The builders used be...

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