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Archive of Blog: February 2019

Pichak (pchak) - a knife or a piece of art?
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: Yesterday

The most famous craft in the ancient Bukhara is the blacksmith's craft. Stories about the great artisans of that time can be found in the books of the 10th century, the great Uzbek scholar Abu Rayhan al-Biruni. For a long time, such craftsmen made various metal products that were highly valued by the merchants of the Great Silk Road: these were royal shining sabers, knives like sharp blades, various tools used in medicine and in tailoring. Today, masters from the ancient city of Bukhara show their guests true craftsmanship in the form of knives or sabers handmade. The traditional Uzbek knife, called Pichak, is customary to give in the East. It is not only a wonderful gift for a man, but also an indispensable tool in the kitchen, especially if his handle and blade are decorated with engravings. These knives stand out among the rest. Each of them has a very distinctive look - a rather na...

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The annual festival "Silk and Spices" in Bukhara
Published: 13 february 2019

The annual festival "Silk and Spices", held in Bukhara, is perhaps one of the main events in the cultural life of Uzbekistan. This event attracts a huge number of tourists from all over the world and reveals the culture of the Eastern peoples. If you go back to history, then ancient Bukhara celebrated its 2500th anniversary in 1997, but in fact, it is an actively developing city. Bukhara is very well located in the middle of the route of the Great Silk Road and represents a colossal historical and cultural heritage. It is for this reason that the UNESCO has included it in the list of historically important objects of the world. In recent years, the festival "Silk and Spices" has significantly increased the number of participating countries. Recently, masters from India, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Kazakhstan have participated in the event. The event is striking in its scale - about f...

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Madrasah of Abdulkasim Sheikh
Published: 06 february 2019

Travel lovers are a very special category of people who appreciate new experiences, discovering the culture and traditions of new countries. Tours to Uzbekistan are made specifically for such travelers. They are filled with the wisdom of the East, millennial traditions, beautiful and mysterious monuments of architecture, which are the heritage by our ancestors. One of these monuments is the madrasah of Abdulkasim Sheikh, located in the sunny city of Tashkent. Madrasah is translated from arabic as “to study” and is a Muslim educational institution for future clergymen, teachers and government workers. Madrasah of Abdulkasim Sheikh was built in 1850 and was part of the Khonakoyi Muyi Muborak ensemble's complex. In the period before 1864, it was one-story, but after a well-known earthquake, it was decided to finish the second floor. Before the earthquake, a mosque, a men's bath ...

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Samsa
Published: 05 february 2019

If we consider the cuisine of various Asian countries, then national dishes are varied in the presentation and serving. No one celebration or significant event is not complete without traditional pastry baking. Each such baked product has own unique name and, of course, the filling shown the traditions. Delicious, fragrant, baked to brown crust samsa, like a bright sun in the hands of an experienced chef - perhaps one of the most famous dishes in the region of Central Asia, which enjoys a special honor in Uzbekistan. Samsa is small pie made from puff pastry with a wide variety of all kinds and forms fillings. Each country is characterized by special cooking secrets - many options and recipes.  Where does the name of this eastern miracle come from? There is a sad legend about the beautiful Samsa - Bibi and her beloved. The girl languished in a lonely tower, and when a young man had r...

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Traditional shoes of XX century in Uzbekistan
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: Yesterday

Uzbek shoes of XX century were produced by special masters - usto. They used different types of leather, getting it from sheepskin, goat skin and cowhide. The leather for shoes usually was covered with the desired color, decorated with paintings and traditional patterns. Footwear of men The most popular footwear for men was kavush (shoes with high heels and twisted nose). In winter time men put on boots (chorik) with thick but very soft leather. It’s interesting that the popular color of boots was yellow or brown. Lighter boots were made from goat skins. They were fully embroidered with silk threads and had a high heel. But such kind of boots was available only for wealthy young man. Ordinary citizens put on mostly ichigi - boots without a heel with soft soles. Locals call them makhsi and used only with kavush. According to traditions men were taken kavush before entering the house...

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Gijduvan pottery
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: 12 february 2019

Uzbek ceramics is very rich and diverse. It varies greatly depending on the region where it’s producing. Each region has its own school and traditions. The most interesting ceramics is produced in Gijduvan, a district center near Bukhara. It was the ceramics center for many years. Masters from other cities usually come here to study and to know secrets. Gijduvan ceramics For making ceramics Gijduvan masters use exclusively white clay, which is imported from Gozlika (a place near Bukhara). They also add to clay a reed fluff to protect the product from cracking. During firing the fluff completely burn out, forming a cavity. These cavities are required to prevent products cracking at high heat. Gijduvan pottery is recognizable by its greenish-brown color, as well as by figurative painting and abr stains that resembling patterns Uzbek fabrics. Unique patterns There are more than 300 st...

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Legend of khan-atlas
Published: 06 february 2019

Khan-atlas is traditional uzbek fabric, made from dense silk. The fabric has interesting complex netting. And it’s coloring made by natural dyes. There’re a lot of legends about khan-atlas and there’s one of them: Many centuries ago one of Marghilan rulers fell in love with beautiful daughter of a poor artist and wanted to marry her at any cost. Having heard this news, the father of the young beauty was saddened. So he came to the palace and asked the ruler not to marry his daughter. Khan didn’t agree and laid down one condition.  If the artist could create something beautiful and unusual till the next morning, the Khan would forget about his daughter. “It’s impossible” – thought the artists and came out of palace. Saddened, hesat near arik (small channel). At once he saw reflection of cloudsin the water and this reflection was colore...

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Garnet – oriental “king” of fruits
Published: 01 february 2019

Garnet is one of the ancient fruits known to a man. It always was popular in the Middle East, it was known in ancient Rome. Motherland of the garnet is South Africa and Central Asia.In the East the garnet is considered the symbol of fertility and friendly feelings. Also from ancient times in the East the garnet has been the “king” of fruits, that is why there is a “crown” on its top. It has many seeds-children – till 1000-1200 in each fruit. In Central Asia and Middle East the garnet is called “anor” and its derivatives “narr” – in Turkic. Many philosophers and scientists of antiquity wrote about medicinal properties of the garnet. In customs of many nations the seeds of the garnet are consider the symbol of indissoluble ties.In the East flowers and fruits of the garnet symbolize friendship, that is why when going to the guests ...

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