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Archive of Blog: June 2013

Kaldyrgach-biy (Tole bi) Mausoleum
Published: 24 june 2013

 Kaldyrgach-biy (Tole bi) Mausoleum was built in the first half of the XV century in Tashkent city. There are remains of the eminent Kazakh politician Tole bi "Kaldyrgach" that means ("Swallow"), hence the name of the mausoleum. Tole bi was governor of Tashkent since 1743 to 1749 years. Unfortunately, the courtyard and the decoration of the mausoleum are not preserved. Kaldyrgach-Byi was the ruler of Mogolistan and Khoja Ahrar’s ancestor.   A dome in the form of a pyramid is in the unique composition of the mausoleum. It is a rare design for Uzbekistan. There are four niches, brick stairs and khujdras in the hall. Small square crypt is under the main hall. The facade of the mausoleum is not lined. There is a legend that says when people find out about the Kalmyks’ attack, they began to leave in a hurry their houses, strangely enough, but Tole bi wasn’t going t...

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Rishtan ceramics
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: 04 june 2013

Rishtan is a city in Fergana Valley of Uzbekistan. It is known for its pottery and ceramic products. Rishtan ceramics has its unique features. Secrets of making dishes are passed on father to son. A man participates in the basic technological processes of production, as it is very difficult to manufacture such kind of dishes. Women are respectively are engaged with painting and decoration. Masters of Rishtan mainly use floral patterns, so the geometric pattern in their work has never played a major role. Rishtan ceramic is very varied and picturesque, has the ability to play sound of high quality porcelain. It is believed, if the sound is louder, the quality of dishes is better. There are three main things in the manufacture of tableware: a special form of patterns, a certain color of paint and unique glaze. This glaze is called ishkor so Rishtan ceramics are sometimes called ishkor. Ris...

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Paper mill in Samarkand
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: 19 june 2013

Today, in the 21 century, it is difficult to imagine the modern activity of humanity without paper. In spite of ultramodern IT-technologies, paper remains the main medium.The famous historical fact is that paper was born in China. China held the monopoly for many centuries, keeping the secrets of its production. But the history points at the fact that paper was also produced in other countries.In July, 751 on the river Taraz (Talas) the Chinese army invaded to the territory of Central Asia. But the ruler of Samarkand Abu Muslim directed his army against foreigners and captured twenty thousand of the Chinese. Among the Chinese soldiers there were many origins from craftsman families, including those who produced paper. Evidently, saving their lives they exposed all secrets of the technology to the local craftsmen. From this time, beginning from the VIII century, paper was produced in Sama...

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