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Nature of Uzbekistan

Vanishing Asian Sea
Published: 27 march 2015

It is considered that the Aral Sea is just 10 000 years old. When the riverbed of Amu Dariya and Syr Dariya divided the Turan lowland was filled with their water. The scientist considered that during its existence the Aral Sea changed its borders 9 times. Now when the bottom of the Aral Sea is seen scientists discovered some trees which have grown here before. Just in the middle of 19th century it was known the borders of this Sea and it was researched properly. The reasons of the Sea vanishing The first and the main reason of The Aral Sea drying is unlimited usage of its water for watering cotton. At the start of 20th century Uzbekistan was the agricultural country where cotton was the base of economy. The second reason is raising land. This process started in 1965. And in 1983 the Sea lost its fishing meaning in Uzbekistan. The canning factory stopped working. Nowadays The Aral Sea w...

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Ugham Chatkalsky National Park
Published: 03 may 2014

Ugham Chatkalsky National Park was founded in 1990, is located in Tashkent region, offshoot mountain range of the Western Tien Shan. The reserve area is 574.6 hectares. The main purpose of the park is to preserve the unique landscapes, using them for recreational purposes, as well as for agriculture.Territory of Ugham Chatkalsky Park is divided into functional areas: recreation area, wildlife area and area of natural landscapes. Today, there are 2200 plants, among which the most popular are the family Asteraceae (Compositae), Papilionaceous (legumes), Poaceae (gramineous). Approximately 650 species of plants are used in medicine and 400 species as food. Reserve’s fauna includes about 280 species: mammals - 44 species; birds - more than 200; fish - 20; reptiles - 16; amphibians - 2. During the journey you can hear a pleasant birds singing; these are larks, oriole, white-winged woodp...

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Mountains of Uzbekistan
Published: 27 march 2014

Mountains of Uzbekistan refer to the mountain systems of the Western Tien Shan and Southern Tien Shan (Gissar-Alay, including Turkestan, Zaravshan, Gissar, Karategin, Alay ridges).The high of the mountains on the territory of Uzbekistan reaches more than 4000 m., but all picks of 4000 m, high are situated in the boundary regions. For example, Khazrat-Sultan Pick – the highest point in Uzbekistan (4643 m.) in Gissar ridge, located in Surhandarya region borders on Tajikistan. Adelung Pick (4301 m.) is the highest point in Pskem ridge and borders on Kyrgyzstan, as well as Beshtor Pick (4299 m.).The huge and compound mountain system of Central Asia belongs to the highest mountain systems of Europe and Asia mountain ranges. The range crosses the whole Eurasian continent from West to East. The Tian Shan and the Pamir-Alay mountain systems are included to its central and highest part, so ...

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Sarmysh gorge
Published: 12 november 2013

In Uzbekistan in the Kizilkum mountains near Navoi city there is Sarmysh gorge. It is the area of the massif Bukantau. At the end of the 80-s of the 20th century there were rumours in this region, that UFO accidents occurred in Sarmysh gorge. The scientific expedition immediately flew to the site of occurrence. The researchers made the great and laborious task, but no remains of the UFO were found. However, the expedition was not entirely fruitless. In the gorge Sarmysh many ancient rock paintings were discovered by scientists. Among these pictures there were very unusual examples. People alike aliens in obscure outfits resembling spacesuits were depicted on the paintings. The researchers suggest that the age of the patterns is ten or fifteen thousand years. The scientists already found something like this in the caves in China and Spain. But there were not so many petroglyphs anywhere...

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Kyzylkum desert
Published: 28 may 2013

Kyzylkum (from Turkic means «red sand») – is a sandy desert between the rivers Amudarya and Syrdarya in Central Asia. Its area is 300 thousand sq. km. On the north-west the desert is limited by hollow of Aral Sea, on the north-east by Syrdarya and on the south-west is limited by Amudarya. The desert has row of hollows and separated mountains. Mountains of Kyzylkum are unique, there were found rich deposits of gold. The most territory of kyzylkum is sand massifs. Maximum height of sand mountains is 75 metre.  Climate in the desert is continental. It is hot in summer, middle temperature of June is 28 degree, in winter is from 0 to -9 degree. Precipitation is mainly in winter and spring. The most suitable time for travelling is from April to June and September-October. Here at this time you can see local animals: gazelles, black lizards, foxes, jerboas, hares, gophers...

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Baysun
Published: 23 may 2013

 Baysun is the city in Surkhandarya. It received status of the city in 1975. This amazingly beautiful city is rich with endless green valleys and snow-covered slopes of the mountains. Baysun - fantastic city that contains a historical memory of the great long forgotten civilizations: the Great Amir Temur's empire, the Kushan, Greco-Bactrian.   Many years ago there were trading caravans on this earth. Folk traditions and customs of Baysun region differ from the other regions of Uzbekistan. Therefore, residents of the city sacred honor preserved customs and culture of the ancient city. This applies to the rituals and songs, dances and the historical style of dress. Baysun is famous for its magnificent embroidery. Population of Baysun comes from Turkic and Tajik roots; especially it is reflected in the decoration of clothing. For the nomadic tribes is typical ornament with a pictu...

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Mountains of Uzbekistan
Published: 23 january 2013

Mountains of Uzbekistan refer to the mountain systems of the Western Tien Shan and Southern Tien Shan (Gissar-Alay, including Turkestan, Zaravshan, Gissar, Karategin, Alay ridges).The high of the mountains on the territory of Uzbekistan reaches more than 4000 m., but all picks of 4000 m, high are situated in the boundary regions. For example, Khazrat-Sultan Pick – the highest point in Uzbekistan (4643 m.) in Gissar ridge, located in Surhandarya region borders on Tajikistan. Adelung Pick (4301 m.) is the highest point in Pskem ridge and borders on Kyrgyzstan, as well as Beshtor Pick (4299 m.).The huge and compound mountain system of Central Asia belongs to the highest mountain systems of Europe and Asia mountain ranges. The range crosses the whole Eurasian continent from West to East. The Tian Shan and the Pamir-Alay mountain systems are included to its central and highest part, so ...

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Nature reserves in Uzbekistan
Published: 30 october 2012

Gissar  mountain fir reserveGissar reserve was found in 1994. as a result of merging Kyzyksui and Mirakin reserves, and now its territory is 80986 ha. The territory is typical with numerous gorges, caverns, streams, waterfalls and small glaciers.The aim of establishment of the reserve is the keeping mountain ecosystems and snow leopard.The total amount of vascular plants is not less than 800-900 types. Among mammals there are tailed marmot, tolai hare, porcupine, wolf, fox, also white clawed dear, snow leopard and others. Among birds there are bearded, snow and black vultures, eagle, owl and etc.Gissar reserve is very interesting. There is a rock with the dinosaur footprints. In the northern part there are several small glaciers, such as Glacier Severtsev and Batyrbay.In the fir groves there is a wide spectrum of hardwoods, among which there are acer turcestanicum, barberry and dog ...

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The Aydarkul lake
Published: 12 june 2012

Aydarkul is a large drainless lake in the northeastern part of Uzbekistan, it is the artificial reservoir in the Aydar-Arnasay system of lakes. It occupies 4000 sq.km. Today it has an area of 3000 square kilometers. Its length is almost 250 km, and width – to 15 km.Aydarkul is located far from populated areas. About 345 families (approximately 1760 people) live near the lake. That is why it is very calm in this area.The Aydarkul area has a great potential for fishing, cattle-breeding and, of course, tourism.While arriving in Aydarkul, you feel the unrestrained rapture. From one side there is a poor desert South Kyzylkums, and from another side there is blue water, behind which there are the Pistalitau Mountains, and further there is the Nurata ridge. Water takes about 200 km. of the mountains. Before, there were alkaline lands, and then the lakes appeared. The lakes were formed by ...

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