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Sardoba or medieval water storage
Published: 30 january 2015

Because of dry climate water was very important in Central Asia. It was especially difficult for caravans having gone through the desert. That’s why special water storage or sardoba was set along the caravan ways. Sardoba is reservoir for water with covered dome. To get to water travellers should walk down the stairs. Such water storage were found near rabat, caravanserai and even in the cities. The reservoir was filled with rain and melting water. Sometimes water was coming from rivers and other water source by ariks and underground canals (kyariz). Structural features Sardobas were built from Ib.c. to XVIII a.d. Later they all were abandoned as caravan ways. But some of them exists nowadays giving opportunity to learn their construction in details. Mostly sardobas were built in the area with low lands – for collecting rain and melting water. Domes with holes were also for...

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Published: 29 january 2015

Caravanserai is an original public building in the Middle East and Central Asia, usually serves as shelter for travelers in cities and populated areas. There were one and two storey caravanserais. Caravanserai is of two types: open and closed. Closed form is a rectangular building with an open courtyard in the middle of which was a well. There were rooms for living and warehouse for the goods. They were widespread in IX-XVIII centuries, because this time caravan trade was especially developed. The term “caravansary” is of Persian origin. "Caravan" in Farsi means a group of traveling people; "serai" means a restroom. Caravanserai served not only as a building for temporary accommodation for travelers but there were also learned the latest commercial and political news, met with merchants from other cities and countries to conclude trade deals. Today caravanserai is a unique ar...

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Katta Langar: where time has no power
Published: 28 january 2015

The mountainous village Katta Langar is situated on the foot of the Zarafshan spine, 70 kilometers from Shahrisyabz. It is unique place with its picturesque nature landscapes. The view of this place gives a person pacification and calmness. Picturesque views are very attractive for tourists but also they are attracted by mosque and mausoleum of sufi Mahammad Sadik. More than half century ago he started to preach the doctrine, to meet his pupils and followers in this village. The mosque was built in the start of XVI century. Many years there were only praying hall and extra rooms. The building process of the mosque is unique and tourists can know many legends about it. This is one of them: when the construction was almost finished, workers had found out that they had lack of material to build the last column. The mosque was finished owing to sufi Mahammad Sadic who turned cotton bush i...

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Observatory Maidanak
Published: 27 january 2015

The definite location of this observatory is 120 kilometers from Samarkand, on the western side of the mountain Maidanak which actually gave the name to observatory. This unique place was created by astronomer V. S. Shevchenko. The location of the observatory was selected after long investigation of the area, its climate, permanently bright sky. Also this place is unique because of still air all year round. This all points help to make good and unique photos, control astrophysical objects. The one more interesting fact - Maidanak Observatory is situated between two big stations on the Earth (Hawaii and Canarias islands). The object is located 2700 meters above sea level, the best location for observatory work. The object is closed in winter because of severe climatic conditions, bad routes of supply. The common area of the object is 32 hectares, where 10 telescopes are located. The m...

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What can we learn from local people?
Published: 23 january 2015

Visiting other country, we like it or not we learn something new and even begin to think in a different way. Each journey gives us opportunity to see how other people live. You can learn many useful things from them and use them in your life. Well, what can we learn during the tour to Uzbekistan? Hospitality Hospitality – is national feature of Uzbek people. Even small children know how to meet guests and how to behave. Don’t know how to get to bazaar or hotel? Ask passes-by and they’ll show you not only the way, but even take you to the place. Ability to bargain Don’t know how to bargain? Go to bazaar during your tour to Uzbekistan and try to get some discount from the seller. It’s not so easy, because bargain is something from impudence, bluff and ability to smile and deal with seller. Peace of mind In the East people don’t get accustomed to hurry...

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Uzbek wine
Published: 22 january 2015

Wine in Uzbekistan has been known from ancient times. It’s full of taste drink which also can be useful. While drinking you get pleasure and make your health stronger. Avicenna noted that red wine could improve blood circulation of the brain. Today there are many kinds of wine, which can differ in taste depended on the grade of grapes. It is considered the sunnier weather the better taste of the grapes. So Uzbek wine is famous with its sweetness and low acidity.  The sweetness of grapes is 29% and it gives unique taste. Wine making has been known in Uzbekistan from ancient times. From year to year this brunch of industry has been improving which is based on ancient recipes and traditions. Where the wine is produced Almost all regions of Uzbekistan have appropriate conditions for growing grapes. These are fruitful soil, good climate and as a result the best harvest. In spite...

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Stones of Sangijuman
Published: 20 january 2015

Nature is the best sculptor: its creations are always mysterious and unique. The wind, air and water together create real masterpieces and they cannot be unnoticed. Good example is the area Sangijuman, situated in Navoi region. Here you can see unique stone compositions made by nature. They proudly rise above the ground and have unusual shapes. Some of these boulders have big size through-holes. Local people believe if a man with sick joints passes through the hole he’ll forget about his pain soon. From tajic language Sangijuman translates “rocking stone”. Area got this name because of unique stone, which has “no weight”. His weight is more than 280 tons, but if you touch the stone – it begins to rock. Even a little child can do it. Sangijuman is an uncommon place, where a lot of people come from the beginning of spring. Some of them wants to be heal...

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Uzbek shopping
Published: 20 january 2015

What’s Uzbekistan for you? Uzbek plov – yes! Halva and sweetest melon – certainly! Embroidered skullcap with gold threads? You’re right! And what’s about carpets, natural silk and souvenir knifes? Yes, this all you can find in Uzbekistan – country, which is famous by its hospitality. For shopping we recommend to visit oriental bazaar, where you can buy everything what you want. Trade begins from early morning and doesn’t stop until evening.  Fresh fruit, vegetables, dried fruit, sweets and spices you can buy in low price. Also you can bargain to take extra discount. But it’s not as simple as you suppose. Bargain is something from impudence, bluff and ability to smile and deal with seller. You can check this ability during your tour to Uzbekistan! Be sure – when you come to bazaar, you cannot go away without purchase. This ...

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“Barkhan” club
Published: 30 november 2014

Individuality and exclusiveness, much positive and unforgettable pastime, excellent music, the best DJs and artists, of course we are talking about one of the modern clubs of our capital. Well modern and charming restaurant “Barkhan” in the center of our attention.  “Barkhan” club is the regular thematical parties, specially invited guests from all over the world, unforgettable ballet and artists’ shows. Exquisite interior design combines the colors of oriental style and Hi-Tech elements. Bar of the restaurant offers you a large variety of alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks, cocktails, the taste of which helps you to arouse the firework of emotions and energies, accompanied the good club music. In order to experience all this positive and good feeling, come and you will make sure.   Address: Yakassaray district, St. Sh. Rashidov, 40 Working hours:...

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Samsa - honorable dish of the Uzbek cuisine
Published: 25 november 2014

Uzbek cuisine is a kind of branch of applied art and, perhaps, the rich cuisine ofCentral Asia. Its main distinctive and the most piquant feature is the intensive use of the meat. You know that only inUzbekistanyou can taste such wonderful dishes like pilaf, shurpa, lagman, damlyama and of course samsa – one of the honorable dishes of the Uzbek people.  Uzbek Samsa is pastry dough with different types of filling (meat filling – lamb, beef, chicken, vegetable filling – pumpkin, potatoes, onion). Bu the main flavor that gives the dish such a delicious taste is spices – zira, black and red pepper, sesame seed, which is known as necessary component in the Uzbek cuisine. It is important to know the right proportions of dough and filling for preparing samsa. There are many recipes of its cooking. Usually samsa is cooked from flour, water, salt, meat or vegetable fi...

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Pilaf - uzbek national dish
Published: 21 november 2014

As is known Uzbek cuisine is closely connected with the Uzbek culture, traditions and language. Since ancient times the Uzbek people led as nomadic and sedentary life, which prompted to borrowing of culinary traditions and variety of dishes. During its thousand-year history, the Uzbek cuisine had got its own specific feature, that’s why it is so popular abroad.  Today we will speak about one of the main traditional Uzbek dishes – pilaf. Uzbek pilaf is one of the achievements of Uzbek cuisine. This honor and favorite dish is cooked for each event inUzbekistan. If the pilaf is cooked without any cause, it is cooked by women, if there is a festive event, it is cooked by men or special master on pilaf cooking – ashpaz. There are many recipes of this wonderful dish. The Uzbek cuisine has more than 60 recipes. Each region ofUzbekistanhas its own unique recipe of this hon...

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The restaurant "Brazil"
Published: 09 november 2014

"Brazil" is the first and only Brazilian restaurant inUzbekistan. Any Brazilian can easily explain you meaning of the words rodizio, churassker, kaipirinya, feydzhoada, pikanya and panakota. Today you will be acquainted with the meaning of the word rodizio.  It is known 300 years ago, in the Pampas region, in the south ofBrazil, the locals invented a new way of cooking meat (big pieces of meat on the skewer were fried in the open air in the presence of the visitors). So, freshly cooked meat the visitor could eat as much as he wanted. Hence we know the meaning of the word "Rodizio". Well, for the full enjoyment you can only order a refreshing kayperinyu, Brazilian lemonade or classic Sangria.  Here you can see musicians and singers from Rio, taste delicious set of 10 kinds of meat, you will be offered a buffet dinner with plenty of salads, hot dishes and snacks, but the most imp...

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Seven sacred Sufis of Bukhara
Published: 02 november 2014

  Bukhara is the city where many thinkers, scientists, theologians, and poets lived. One of them is Abu Ali ibn Sina (Avicenna). He is the author of many interesting works in the field of medicine, psychology, mathematics, logic, physics, music, poetry, zoology. "Canon of Medicine" is his greatest creation. Al-Hasan al-Basri is theorist, psychologist, who preached the selfless love of God. It was his distinguishing feature of Sufi ideology.   There are seven sacred Sufies in Bukhara. As a rule the tour starts from the grave ofSheikh Abdul-Khaliq Abd Al Gijduvani, who founded School of the Central Asian Sufism. He always took a view that every imam must have his own job. There is Ulugbek madrasah near the new mosque, where pilgrims can pray.   Muhammad Arif Ar Revgary began to learn Sufizm very early. When he was 19, he taught philosophy. His manuscript ...

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National holidays of uzbekistan
Published: 23 june 2014

Nowruz (New day) is celebrated on March 21, the day of vernal equinox. This day Uzbek families cook national dishes such as sumalyak, pilaf, samsa and others. This holiday symbolizes friendship, unity and brotherhood of all peoples. That is why, this day people must forgive each other, not quarrel, as well as help the poor men. According to tradition, all this brings home good luck, prosperity and well-being. People visit their relatives and friends, sing songs, as well as wish the New Year to be prosperous. The Uzbeks who live in villages arrange traditional competitions and games.Ramazan Hait is celebrated on the 9 month Hijri on Muslim calendar. It is a celebration of moral and spiritual purification. After fasting-day – Uraza, which lasts 30 days, is celebrated Ramazan Hait. During Uraza it is not allowed to eat, drink and take pleasure. But after sunset and before sunrise it i...

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Amir Timur
Published: 09 june 2014

The great military leader Amir Timur (Tamerlane) was born April 9, 1336 in Khoja-Ilgar village, Kesh (now Karshi, Uzbekistan). The founder played a significant role in the history of Central, South and West Asia, as well as Caucasus, the Volga region and Russia.Biography of Tamerlane’s political activity is similar to Genghis Khan. Timur also was interested in all the details of the organization of the military forces of the enemy, as well as he had authority with his troops and always could rely on their associates. Since young age Timur was smart and courage, he liked to talk with scientists, listening to the reading of historical works. He was not only forward-looking ruler and a talented organizer, but also cruel conqueror, ruthlessly suppressing any disobedience.Most of his life the great commander spent in campaigns, his reign lasted 35 years (1370 - 1405). In 1370 Timur was ...

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Mirzo Ulugbek
Published: 09 june 2014

Mirzo Ulugbek is the statesman, an outstanding scientist, great astronomer and mathematician, grandson of the famous ruler and Commander Amir Timur, was born March 22, 1394 in Sultaniya city (Azerbaijan).In 1409 Ulugbek became the ruler of Samarkand. During his reign, the city was one of the world centers of science of the Middle Ages. There used to be scientific school, united prominent astronomers and mathematicians. In the years 1417-1420 there was built a madrassah in Samarkand, which was the beginning of the architectural ensemble of the Registan. Since young ages Ulugbek fond of astronomy. So, he built a unique structure for its time, the famous observatory. In 1437 Ulugbek created Gurgansky Zidj (catalog of the sky), where were described 1018 stars. In 1444, after thirty years of astronomical observations the great astronomer created his scientific work - "Zij jadidi Guragani" or ...

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Ugham Chatkalsky National Park
Published: 03 may 2014

Ugham Chatkalsky National Park was founded in 1990, is located in Tashkent region, offshoot mountain range of the Western Tien Shan. The reserve area is 574.6 hectares. The main purpose of the park is to preserve the unique landscapes, using them for recreational purposes, as well as for agriculture.Territory of Ugham Chatkalsky Park is divided into functional areas: recreation area, wildlife area and area of natural landscapes. Today, there are 2200 plants, among which the most popular are the family Asteraceae (Compositae), Papilionaceous (legumes), Poaceae (gramineous). Approximately 650 species of plants are used in medicine and 400 species as food. Reserve’s fauna includes about 280 species: mammals - 44 species; birds - more than 200; fish - 20; reptiles - 16; amphibians - 2. During the journey you can hear a pleasant birds singing; these are larks, oriole, white-winged woodp...

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Mountains of Uzbekistan
Published: 27 march 2014

Mountains of Uzbekistan refer to the mountain systems of the Western Tien Shan and Southern Tien Shan (Gissar-Alay, including Turkestan, Zaravshan, Gissar, Karategin, Alay ridges).The high of the mountains on the territory of Uzbekistan reaches more than 4000 m., but all picks of 4000 m, high are situated in the boundary regions. For example, Khazrat-Sultan Pick – the highest point in Uzbekistan (4643 m.) in Gissar ridge, located in Surhandarya region borders on Tajikistan. Adelung Pick (4301 m.) is the highest point in Pskem ridge and borders on Kyrgyzstan, as well as Beshtor Pick (4299 m.).The huge and compound mountain system of Central Asia belongs to the highest mountain systems of Europe and Asia mountain ranges. The range crosses the whole Eurasian continent from West to East. The Tian Shan and the Pamir-Alay mountain systems are included to its central and highest part, so ...

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Sarmysh gorge
Published: 12 november 2013

In Uzbekistan in the Kizilkum mountains near Navoi city there is Sarmysh gorge. It is the area of the massif Bukantau. At the end of the 80-s of the 20th century there were rumours in this region, that UFO accidents occurred in Sarmysh gorge. The scientific expedition immediately flew to the site of occurrence. The researchers made the great and laborious task, but no remains of the UFO were found. However, the expedition was not entirely fruitless. In the gorge Sarmysh many ancient rock paintings were discovered by scientists. Among these pictures there were very unusual examples. People alike aliens in obscure outfits resembling spacesuits were depicted on the paintings. The researchers suggest that the age of the patterns is ten or fifteen thousand years. The scientists already found something like this in the caves in China and Spain. But there were not so many petroglyphs anywhere...

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The theatre of historical costume "El Merosi"
Published: 25 september 2013

  The theatre of historical costume "El Merosi"("The People's Heritage") has been working since 2005. Today, the theatre "El Merosi" offers you the costumes of different epochs. Thanks to them, we can get acquainted with the secrets and laws of folk art’s beauty.   In Samarkand theatre of historical costume "El merosi" you can see the life and traditions of the residents of our region from the earliest times to the present. Here are the costumes of different historical periods:  - Costume of Scythian horsemen and warriors of the first millennium BC, was created based on the Hermitage collection, the Institute of Oriental Studies and the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan. The leather fabrics and animal skins were used for their production.  - Anahita costume of 6th century BC, was created based on the funds of the Samarkand Museum of History, found on Afrasiab se...

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