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Winery in Samarkand
Published: 31 january 2013

 "The truth is hiding in the wine,It is a constant view of mine.Wine may taste bitter as my life,But it can cause a lot of drive.And every morning at the dawnI feel as if I'm on the throne.A crystal glass, and earthenwareAre the only things of which I care!"(arbitrary translation of Omar Khayyam)   And it is the truth, warm and sunny Uzbekistan is a beneficial place for vine growing. Sunny Samarkand, second capital of Uzbekistan, is famous not only for its ancient historical sights, but for vineyards. That promoted opening of the fist winery in Uzbekistan. Thus, the winery was built in Samarkand.Today guests of Samarkand can visit the winery after Prof. M.A.Khovrenko. The winery was opened in 1868. The founder was the Russian entrepreneur D.M.Filatov. He achieved excellent results, and in 1883 on the International fair of wines and brandies in Paris he won the golden medal. La...

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Uzbek ceramics
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: 30 january 2013

Ceramics for many centuries has been the most highly developed kind of trade in Central Asia. Slip and not slip ceramics of the leading centers had local features, appearing in peculiarity of forms, ornamental décor and colour. Traditional centers of ceramic, which remained till today, are: Rishtan, Gijduvan, Khiva, Samarkand, Gurumsaray, Shakhrisabz, Urgut, Khorezm and Tashkent.In recent years historically formed centers of ceramics have been revived, the assortment of ceramic products is enlarged (dishes, drinking bowls, cups, vessels for water and milk, different khums for keeping products), their quality becomes better. The masters, having felt the support from the government, enlarge volumes of production for reaching efficiency and competitiveness of their produce.They approach to keep local peculiarities, restore forgotten forms and images. At the same time in the dé...

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Mountains of Uzbekistan
Published: 23 january 2013

Mountains of Uzbekistan refer to the mountain systems of the Western Tien Shan and Southern Tien Shan (Gissar-Alay, including Turkestan, Zaravshan, Gissar, Karategin, Alay ridges).The high of the mountains on the territory of Uzbekistan reaches more than 4000 m., but all picks of 4000 m, high are situated in the boundary regions. For example, Khazrat-Sultan Pick – the highest point in Uzbekistan (4643 m.) in Gissar ridge, located in Surhandarya region borders on Tajikistan. Adelung Pick (4301 m.) is the highest point in Pskem ridge and borders on Kyrgyzstan, as well as Beshtor Pick (4299 m.).The huge and compound mountain system of Central Asia belongs to the highest mountain systems of Europe and Asia mountain ranges. The range crosses the whole Eurasian continent from West to East. The Tian Shan and the Pamir-Alay mountain systems are included to its central and highest part, so ...

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Origin of the name Samarkand
Published: 16 january 2013

 There is no the unquestionable name of the ancient city of the planet. The encyclopaedist Beruniy and the scientist Makhmud Koshgariy discussed about the name Samarkand in XI century. There are many versions. They are all based on the linguistic suppositions, records about Samarkand in the chronicles and written sources of different times and nations, legends.Assuming that the name of the city consists of two words, people resorted to the simplest explanation, linking these two words with two proper names or with one, and under the intended interpretation they summed the legendary foundation.There is a version that Samar dug a spring here and drained it, soon near the spring many people lived and gradually the town appeared. The thankful citizens called the settlement “Samarkand”, that means “Samar dug”.It is also said that the town is so called by the name ...

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Samarkand bread
Published: 16 january 2013

Samarkand flat bread is famous for its inimitable in its taste and features not to get stale for a long time. Real Samarkand bread should be eligible during three years. So, one should sprinkle the bread with water and warm it in tandyr (clay stove, where flat bread is baked). In modern conditions one can do it with the help of the microwave or common stove.It was known that the Bukharian emir liked Samarkand bread. Once he puzzled his courtiers and ordered that Samarkand bread to be baked in his court.So, the best bread baker was asked in Samarkand. “Emir ordered to come!”, hi was brought to the palace, “now you will bake bread here”. He had to implement the order.But, how the master tried, the bread did not turn out so taste, so soft, as he baked in Samarkand.Bread baker thought, that the matter was in Samarkand flour, or in Samarkand water, but may be in the ta...

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Legend about Minaret Kalyan
Published: 15 january 2013

Minaret Kalyan is the main symbol of holly Bukhara.Minaret Kalyan is strong, majestic and balanced in its monumental and a little bit massive shapes. At the same time it is distinct, clear and filigree fine worked in all details. Its proportions, divisions are of big taste.During many centuries minaret Kalyan survived all earthquakes, which destroyed many tall constructions in Uzbekistan. The secret of its stability is in empirically right found correlations of the parts of the building, in the construction of its fundament, in a good quality of the brickwork.There are notes on its three belts: date of construction – 1127, name of the donor – ruler of Bukhara Arslankhan and the name of the constructor – usto Bako.There are many legends about Minaret Kalyan. The name is translated as “Big tower”, “Tower of death”. In ancient times many people were...

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Tashkent yesterday and today
Published: 08 november 2012

Several administrative buildings of the century before last maintained till our days. Against the background of the modern structures they noticeably stand out. And that is most interesting, they are in a good and ideal condition. Palace of the Grand Duke Romanov (1889-1891). The palace was constructed by a famous architecture Aleksey Leontevich Benua, the building was the residence of the Great Duke Nikolay Konstantinovich Romanov. The building is constructed from dried breaks, that is why it is cool enough in summer in it. In 1917 the Museum of Arts in Tashkent was here, today it is the Museum of Arts of Uzbekistan. Then the museum was moved to another place, and now the palace is the House of greetings of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Uzbekistan.Tashkent real college (1898). 114 years ago Tashkent real college was built by the architectures Geincelman and Maksimov. In ...

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Nature reserves in Uzbekistan
Published: 30 october 2012

Gissar  mountain fir reserveGissar reserve was found in 1994. as a result of merging Kyzyksui and Mirakin reserves, and now its territory is 80986 ha. The territory is typical with numerous gorges, caverns, streams, waterfalls and small glaciers.The aim of establishment of the reserve is the keeping mountain ecosystems and snow leopard.The total amount of vascular plants is not less than 800-900 types. Among mammals there are tailed marmot, tolai hare, porcupine, wolf, fox, also white clawed dear, snow leopard and others. Among birds there are bearded, snow and black vultures, eagle, owl and etc.Gissar reserve is very interesting. There is a rock with the dinosaur footprints. In the northern part there are several small glaciers, such as Glacier Severtsev and Batyrbay.In the fir groves there is a wide spectrum of hardwoods, among which there are acer turcestanicum, barberry and dog ...

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The Aydarkul lake
Published: 12 june 2012

Aydarkul is a large drainless lake in the northeastern part of Uzbekistan, it is the artificial reservoir in the Aydar-Arnasay system of lakes. It occupies 4000 sq.km. Today it has an area of 3000 square kilometers. Its length is almost 250 km, and width – to 15 km.Aydarkul is located far from populated areas. About 345 families (approximately 1760 people) live near the lake. That is why it is very calm in this area.The Aydarkul area has a great potential for fishing, cattle-breeding and, of course, tourism.While arriving in Aydarkul, you feel the unrestrained rapture. From one side there is a poor desert South Kyzylkums, and from another side there is blue water, behind which there are the Pistalitau Mountains, and further there is the Nurata ridge. Water takes about 200 km. of the mountains. Before, there were alkaline lands, and then the lakes appeared. The lakes were formed by ...

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Uzbek national clothes
Published: 01 may 2012

The peculiarity of clothes of local nations has always been determined by climatic, social conditions and tribal traditions. As far back as 19th century clothing (gowns, dresses, and shirts) continued keeping the archaic features: wide, long, whole-cut, it freely fell down hiding the shapes of the human body. The clothes were unified: for winter and summer, for men, women and children, they were close in shape and design. The traditional national men's costume consists of a warm quilted robe - chapan tied with a scarf or scarves, headgear tyubeteika, and boots made of fine leather. Men wore shirts of straight design, inner and outer robes. A robe might be light or warm, quilted on wadding. On each side of the robe there were cuts for convenience of walking and sitting on the floor. Robe - chapan usually was tied with a scarf or scarves. Holiday national costume differs from the everyday ...

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Uzbek suzane
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: 01 may 2012

Suzane- decorative picture, embroidered in silk or cotton.For many centuries different schools were formed in the art of suzane embroidery: Nurata, Bukhara, Samarkand, Urgut, Shakhrisabz, Tashkent and Fergana schools. Each school differs by its peculiarities of embroidery and original colours.Endless love for nature is reflected in the expression in embroideries of skilled seamstresses of Bukhara, their designs absorbed the symbols and forms of different epochs. Bukhara suzanes of the XIX century. are rich in flower and plant motives that convey the infinite beauty of surrounding nature – pictures of trees, flowering shrubs, different flowers: pinks, tulips, peonies, chrysanthemums and others. Bukhara suzanes are truly considered the most beautiful suzane in Central Asia.Samarkand embroidery dates back to the art of ancient Sogdiana. Samarkand handicrafts unlike Nurata and Bukhara,...

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Uzbek dishes
Published: 01 may 2012

A wide usage of meat is peculiar to the Uzbek national cuisine. Traditionally the Uzbek prefer mutton, they eat beef very seldom, and more rarely they use horse meat for cooking some kinds of meal (bologna and etc.).The characteristic feature of modern Uzbek national cuisine is the usage of different vegetables such as carrot, pumpkin, potatoes, tomatoes, turnip and others, for cooking meal. Although potato, cabbage, tomato, aubergine have begun to cultivate in Uzbekistan since the end of the XIX century, today these vegetables are grown and used all over Uzbekistan. Different herbs both cultivated and wild found wide application in the Uzbek cuisine. Such seasonings as coriander, mint, basil, red pepper and others are added to the meal in rather big doses.Flour and grain make the base of the greater part of Uzbek dishes. The majority of different and difficulty cooked flour dishes indic...

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Uzbek wedding
Published: 30 april 2012

Different kinds of events are frightfully loved in the East. And Uzbekistan is not the exception. If you have ever read the Eastern tales, you know that they all finish like this: at the end they got married, and they were celebrating the wedding for 40 days and 40 nights, and they lived for a long time and were happy…Of course forty days weddings may be only in the tales. But, nevertheless, in the East the weddings are very big and they are hold at least 2-3 days. In Uzbekistan all events are called Tuy. Wedding – nikokh tuy, child birth – beshik tuy, circumcision of the son according to the Muslim traditions – sunnat tuy and etc.The celebrations are prepared and directed by women. Men are breadwinners, and they have no time to be busy about the holiday rush, and that is why men have no time for these traditions and ceremonies. Men usually solve key issues and p...

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