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Khammam baths in Bukhara
Published: 08 february 2013

Eastern baths today are widely spread. They are located in Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Syria, Tunisia, Lebanon and here in Central Asia. Traditions of all oriental baths originate from ancient times.First baths khammams refer to the VII century. It is considered that the Turks adopted from the Arabs the culture to take a steam bath the Eastern way. And the Arabs adopted this culture from the Romans. It is significant that the spreading of Khammams in Asia was simultaneously with Islam. Prophet Mohammed recommended to his followers to take hot baths because “Cleanness – half of faith”.Two baths which have been working more than 600 years remained in Bukhara. Woman’s bath Khammomi-Kundjak and man’s bath – Bozor-I Kord near Tok-I Telpak Furushon.Old bath in Bukhara Bozor-I Kord Khammam was built in the XIV century and did not lose its unique traditions and medicin...

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Garnet – oriental “king” of fruits
Published: 07 february 2013

Garnet is one of the ancient fruits known to a man. It always was popular in the Middle East, it was known in ancient Rome. Motherland of the garnet is South Africa and Central Asia.In the East the garnet is considered the symbol of fertility and friendly feelings. Also from ancient times in the East the garnet has been the “king” of fruits, that is why there is a “crown” on its top. It has many seeds-children – till 1000-1200 in each fruit. In Central Asia and Middle East the garnet is called “anor” and its derivatives “narr” – in Turkic. Many philosophers and scientists of antiquity wrote about medicinal properties of the garnet. In customs of many nations the seeds of the garnet are consider the symbol of indissoluble ties.In the East flowers and fruits of the garnet symbolize friendship, that is why when going to the guests ...

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Wood carving art in Khiva
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: 06 february 2013

Wood carving art of Uzbekistan is the part of Central Asian art heritage and originates in ancient times.Khiva today also is one of the oldest centers of carving art in Central Asia.Carvers from Khiva from old times have been famous for their handicraft. The peculiarity of carving art of Khiva are decoration of doors, gates, cornices, columns and furniture. Carved doors are the distinctive peculiarity of the old city.Creations of wood carving in Juma mosque in Ichan-Kala are especially beautiful. It was rebuilt at the end of the XVIII century, but retained the features of classical buildings of the East. This original one-storied building without portals, arches and domes is a huge hall with a flat roof, which is based on 213 wooden carved columns. They, different in size, shape and decoration are the high artistic value of the mosque.Skilled carvers use wood of elm and other local trees...

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Gijduvan ceramic school
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: 04 february 2013

One of the more ancient, extremely interesting types of applied arts of Uzbekistan, which kept till our days the distinctive positioning of local schools and traditions, is art ceramics.Ceramics of Gijduvan takes the special among the ceramic schools of Central Asia. The characteristic feature of Gijduvan ceramics is a solid pouring with dark green or brown glaze in combination of simple engraved ornament. This décor is common, but original.Gijduvan is located not far from Bukhara. From ancient times it is the center of national arts – ceramics. Gijduvan ceramic school is notable for using different forms and colors in ornaments, through which the inimitable features and uniqueness of culture of the Uzbek people pass.Guests of Gijduvan will be told about the stages of piala (drinking bowl) origin, they will be showed the process, and if the guests can stay too long, they wil...

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Winery in Samarkand
Published: 31 january 2013

 "The truth is hiding in the wine,It is a constant view of mine.Wine may taste bitter as my life,But it can cause a lot of drive.And every morning at the dawnI feel as if I'm on the throne.A crystal glass, and earthenwareAre the only things of which I care!"(arbitrary translation of Omar Khayyam)   And it is the truth, warm and sunny Uzbekistan is a beneficial place for vine growing. Sunny Samarkand, second capital of Uzbekistan, is famous not only for its ancient historical sights, but for vineyards. That promoted opening of the fist winery in Uzbekistan. Thus, the winery was built in Samarkand.Today guests of Samarkand can visit the winery after Prof. M.A.Khovrenko. The winery was opened in 1868. The founder was the Russian entrepreneur D.M.Filatov. He achieved excellent results, and in 1883 on the International fair of wines and brandies in Paris he won the golden medal. La...

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Uzbek ceramics
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: 30 january 2013

Ceramics for many centuries has been the most highly developed kind of trade in Central Asia. Slip and not slip ceramics of the leading centers had local features, appearing in peculiarity of forms, ornamental décor and colour. Traditional centers of ceramic, which remained till today, are: Rishtan, Gijduvan, Khiva, Samarkand, Gurumsaray, Shakhrisabz, Urgut, Khorezm and Tashkent.In recent years historically formed centers of ceramics have been revived, the assortment of ceramic products is enlarged (dishes, drinking bowls, cups, vessels for water and milk, different khums for keeping products), their quality becomes better. The masters, having felt the support from the government, enlarge volumes of production for reaching efficiency and competitiveness of their produce.They approach to keep local peculiarities, restore forgotten forms and images. At the same time in the dé...

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Mountains of Uzbekistan
Published: 23 january 2013

Mountains of Uzbekistan refer to the mountain systems of the Western Tien Shan and Southern Tien Shan (Gissar-Alay, including Turkestan, Zaravshan, Gissar, Karategin, Alay ridges).The high of the mountains on the territory of Uzbekistan reaches more than 4000 m., but all picks of 4000 m, high are situated in the boundary regions. For example, Khazrat-Sultan Pick – the highest point in Uzbekistan (4643 m.) in Gissar ridge, located in Surhandarya region borders on Tajikistan. Adelung Pick (4301 m.) is the highest point in Pskem ridge and borders on Kyrgyzstan, as well as Beshtor Pick (4299 m.).The huge and compound mountain system of Central Asia belongs to the highest mountain systems of Europe and Asia mountain ranges. The range crosses the whole Eurasian continent from West to East. The Tian Shan and the Pamir-Alay mountain systems are included to its central and highest part, so ...

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Tashkent yesterday and today
Published: 08 november 2012

Several administrative buildings of the century before last maintained till our days. Against the background of the modern structures they noticeably stand out. And that is most interesting, they are in a good and ideal condition. Palace of the Grand Duke Romanov (1889-1891). The palace was constructed by a famous architecture Aleksey Leontevich Benua, the building was the residence of the Great Duke Nikolay Konstantinovich Romanov. The building is constructed from dried breaks, that is why it is cool enough in summer in it. In 1917 the Museum of Arts in Tashkent was here, today it is the Museum of Arts of Uzbekistan. Then the museum was moved to another place, and now the palace is the House of greetings of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Uzbekistan.Tashkent real college (1898). 114 years ago Tashkent real college was built by the architectures Geincelman and Maksimov. In ...

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Nature reserves in Uzbekistan
Published: 30 october 2012

Gissar  mountain fir reserveGissar reserve was found in 1994. as a result of merging Kyzyksui and Mirakin reserves, and now its territory is 80986 ha. The territory is typical with numerous gorges, caverns, streams, waterfalls and small glaciers.The aim of establishment of the reserve is the keeping mountain ecosystems and snow leopard.The total amount of vascular plants is not less than 800-900 types. Among mammals there are tailed marmot, tolai hare, porcupine, wolf, fox, also white clawed dear, snow leopard and others. Among birds there are bearded, snow and black vultures, eagle, owl and etc.Gissar reserve is very interesting. There is a rock with the dinosaur footprints. In the northern part there are several small glaciers, such as Glacier Severtsev and Batyrbay.In the fir groves there is a wide spectrum of hardwoods, among which there are acer turcestanicum, barberry and dog ...

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The Aydarkul lake
Published: 12 june 2012

Aydarkul is a large drainless lake in the northeastern part of Uzbekistan, it is the artificial reservoir in the Aydar-Arnasay system of lakes. It occupies 4000 sq.km. Today it has an area of 3000 square kilometers. Its length is almost 250 km, and width – to 15 km.Aydarkul is located far from populated areas. About 345 families (approximately 1760 people) live near the lake. That is why it is very calm in this area.The Aydarkul area has a great potential for fishing, cattle-breeding and, of course, tourism.While arriving in Aydarkul, you feel the unrestrained rapture. From one side there is a poor desert South Kyzylkums, and from another side there is blue water, behind which there are the Pistalitau Mountains, and further there is the Nurata ridge. Water takes about 200 km. of the mountains. Before, there were alkaline lands, and then the lakes appeared. The lakes were formed by ...

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Uzbek national clothes
Published: 01 may 2012

The peculiarity of clothes of local nations has always been determined by climatic, social conditions and tribal traditions. As far back as 19th century clothing (gowns, dresses, and shirts) continued keeping the archaic features: wide, long, whole-cut, it freely fell down hiding the shapes of the human body. The clothes were unified: for winter and summer, for men, women and children, they were close in shape and design. The traditional national men's costume consists of a warm quilted robe - chapan tied with a scarf or scarves, headgear tyubeteika, and boots made of fine leather. Men wore shirts of straight design, inner and outer robes. A robe might be light or warm, quilted on wadding. On each side of the robe there were cuts for convenience of walking and sitting on the floor. Robe - chapan usually was tied with a scarf or scarves. Holiday national costume differs from the everyday ...

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Uzbek suzane
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: 01 may 2012

Suzane- decorative picture, embroidered in silk or cotton.For many centuries different schools were formed in the art of suzane embroidery: Nurata, Bukhara, Samarkand, Urgut, Shakhrisabz, Tashkent and Fergana schools. Each school differs by its peculiarities of embroidery and original colours.Endless love for nature is reflected in the expression in embroideries of skilled seamstresses of Bukhara, their designs absorbed the symbols and forms of different epochs. Bukhara suzanes of the XIX century. are rich in flower and plant motives that convey the infinite beauty of surrounding nature – pictures of trees, flowering shrubs, different flowers: pinks, tulips, peonies, chrysanthemums and others. Bukhara suzanes are truly considered the most beautiful suzane in Central Asia.Samarkand embroidery dates back to the art of ancient Sogdiana. Samarkand handicrafts unlike Nurata and Bukhara,...

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Uzbek dishes
Published: 01 may 2012

A wide usage of meat is peculiar to the Uzbek national cuisine. Traditionally the Uzbek prefer mutton, they eat beef very seldom, and more rarely they use horse meat for cooking some kinds of meal (bologna and etc.).The characteristic feature of modern Uzbek national cuisine is the usage of different vegetables such as carrot, pumpkin, potatoes, tomatoes, turnip and others, for cooking meal. Although potato, cabbage, tomato, aubergine have begun to cultivate in Uzbekistan since the end of the XIX century, today these vegetables are grown and used all over Uzbekistan. Different herbs both cultivated and wild found wide application in the Uzbek cuisine. Such seasonings as coriander, mint, basil, red pepper and others are added to the meal in rather big doses.Flour and grain make the base of the greater part of Uzbek dishes. The majority of different and difficulty cooked flour dishes indic...

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Uzbek wedding
Published: 30 april 2012

Different kinds of events are frightfully loved in the East. And Uzbekistan is not the exception. If you have ever read the Eastern tales, you know that they all finish like this: at the end they got married, and they were celebrating the wedding for 40 days and 40 nights, and they lived for a long time and were happy…Of course forty days weddings may be only in the tales. But, nevertheless, in the East the weddings are very big and they are hold at least 2-3 days. In Uzbekistan all events are called Tuy. Wedding – nikokh tuy, child birth – beshik tuy, circumcision of the son according to the Muslim traditions – sunnat tuy and etc.The celebrations are prepared and directed by women. Men are breadwinners, and they have no time to be busy about the holiday rush, and that is why men have no time for these traditions and ceremonies. Men usually solve key issues and p...

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