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Uzbek legends and mythes

Central Asian Bullock-cart
Published: 18 january 2017

Bullock-cart or Arba was the main of transport in Central Asia and, in particular, in Uzbekistan for a long time. Selected types of carts pictured as petroglyphs confirm their invention in great antiquity. Arba - the first and the easiest form of transport and its development is linked to the development of cattle breeding, farming and crafts. Bullock-carts was used for transportation of goods, people, and even for combat purposes. Central Asian carts features There are more than 140 rock paintings of chariots and carts on the territory of Central Asia. All of them were studied in detail. Found images show that mostly horses were harnessed those days. Much less used camels and bulls. Later locals began to harness donkeys for bullock-cart. In Central Asia, in contrast to other countries, it has been distributed exclusively two-wheeled carts. The main feature of the cart of the northern p...

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Legend of khan-atlas
Published: 25 september 2015

Khan-atlas is traditional uzbek fabric, made from dense silk. The fabric has interesting complex netting. And it’s coloring made by natural dyes. There’re a lot of legends about khan-atlas and there’s one of them: Many centuries ago one of Marghilan rulers fell in love with beautiful daughter of a poor artist and wanted to marry her at any cost. Having heard this news, the father of the young beauty was saddened. So he came to the palace and asked the ruler not to marry his daughter. Khan didn’t agree and laid down one condition.  If the artist could create something beautiful and unusual till the next morning, the Khan would forget about his daughter. “It’s impossible” – thought the artists and came out of palace. Saddened, hesat near arik (small channel). At once he saw reflection of cloudsin the water and this reflection was colore...

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Legend about Uzbek palov
Published: 25 september 2015

Uzbek palov is the meal of real connoisseurs of the Eastern cuisine. None of the events in Uzbekistan is held without cooking palov. The Uzbek national cuisine has more than 100 recipes of Uzbek palov, and the technology of its preparation has been perfect for many years. Each region of Uzbekistan is characterized by its method of cooking Uzbek palov.In Uzbekistan there is the ancient legend about origin the word “palov osh”, it is connected to Abu Ali ibn Sino. Long ago the prince fell in love with a beautiful young girl from the poor family. He suffered that could not get married to her. The prince began to wane, he refused to eat meal and water. Then his father invited the famous healer Abu Ali ibn Sino and asked him to find out the reason and recover his heir. Having examined the prince, ibn Sino knew that the reason of the sickness was love. He said that there were two w...

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Where’s situated fairyland “Susambil”?
Published: 26 january 2015

Tales has main place in Uzbek national folk art. Not only children are reading them – aged people also like to do it. There’s a great depth of meaning in the tales and reading them, you can find out many interesting things about life of common people. In masked form people are telling about their feelings, desires and secret ideas. There’re strong djahangirs, all-powerful genies, evil beasts and cunning kaziy and vezirs. Honest and young djigit (man) is the main hero in all tales. Usually he falls in love with noble girl and they pass all difficulties together. They use small tricks, nature sharpness and fearlessness. Fairyland Susambil Well, not only men are main heroes – they often masked by animals’ image. The best example is the tale about fairyland Susambil. What is this, where’s it situated and why did our heroes want to get there? The fairyla...

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Alpamysh
Published: 20 may 2014

  «Alpamysh» is nation heroic epic in the Turk people. This epic tale about the hero Alpamysh and his exploits, formed in 14-17 centuries, when the people of Central Asia waged a struggle against Jungar rulers. The most extensive version of the legends of the Uzbek Alpamysh is recorded by Fazil Juldash-ogly.   Compositionally epic is divided into two parts: 1) Alpamysh’s trip to the bride, marriahe of heroes; 2) Alpamysh’s campaign against Kalmyk ruler Taychahan, his seven-year stay in prison and victorious return to his homeland. The main ideas of the epic are struggle of the people for independence, the highest human ideals and peaceful life. The first part of "Alpamysh" was published in Russian translation edited by the poet Hamid Alimjan in 1939 in Tashkent. The plot of the epic is close to mythology of the ancient Turkic and Mongolian people. So, in...

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Legend of Shah-i-Zinda necropolis
Published: 23 april 2014

One of the world-famous ancient burial places of Central Asia Shahi Zinda is located in the north-east of Samarkand. Ensemble includes mausoleums and other religious buildings 11-14, and 19th centuries. Shahi Zinda in Arabic means "The Living King".According to legend, the Prophet Mohammed a cousin Kusam ibn Abbas, who was sent to earth to preach religion Islam. During the prayer he was killed and beheaded. As he was saint, he didn’t die, but he took his head and went down to the cave where he drank living water, getting immortality. It is said that to this day he lives there.There is also a holly tree at the end of the corridor on the east side of the cemetery Shah-i-Zinda. According to legend, it is able to fulfill wishes. Legend says he who twice visits the complex Shahi-Zinda, will make satisfaction for sins and be forgiven from on high.  ...

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Origin of the name Samarkand
Published: 16 january 2013

 There is no the unquestionable name of the ancient city of the planet. The encyclopaedist Beruniy and the scientist Makhmud Koshgariy discussed about the name Samarkand in XI century. There are many versions. They are all based on the linguistic suppositions, records about Samarkand in the chronicles and written sources of different times and nations, legends.Assuming that the name of the city consists of two words, people resorted to the simplest explanation, linking these two words with two proper names or with one, and under the intended interpretation they summed the legendary foundation.There is a version that Samar dug a spring here and drained it, soon near the spring many people lived and gradually the town appeared. The thankful citizens called the settlement “Samarkand”, that means “Samar dug”.It is also said that the town is so called by the name ...

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Samarkand bread
Published: 16 january 2013

Samarkand flat bread is famous for its inimitable in its taste and features not to get stale for a long time. Real Samarkand bread should be eligible during three years. So, one should sprinkle the bread with water and warm it in tandyr (clay stove, where flat bread is baked). In modern conditions one can do it with the help of the microwave or common stove.It was known that the Bukharian emir liked Samarkand bread. Once he puzzled his courtiers and ordered that Samarkand bread to be baked in his court.So, the best bread baker was asked in Samarkand. “Emir ordered to come!”, hi was brought to the palace, “now you will bake bread here”. He had to implement the order.But, how the master tried, the bread did not turn out so taste, so soft, as he baked in Samarkand.Bread baker thought, that the matter was in Samarkand flour, or in Samarkand water, but may be in the ta...

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Legend about Minaret Kalyan
Published: 15 january 2013

Minaret Kalyan is the main symbol of holly Bukhara.Minaret Kalyan is strong, majestic and balanced in its monumental and a little bit massive shapes. At the same time it is distinct, clear and filigree fine worked in all details. Its proportions, divisions are of big taste.During many centuries minaret Kalyan survived all earthquakes, which destroyed many tall constructions in Uzbekistan. The secret of its stability is in empirically right found correlations of the parts of the building, in the construction of its fundament, in a good quality of the brickwork.There are notes on its three belts: date of construction – 1127, name of the donor – ruler of Bukhara Arslankhan and the name of the constructor – usto Bako.There are many legends about Minaret Kalyan. The name is translated as “Big tower”, “Tower of death”. In ancient times many people were...

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